Extensive scientific research is currently being conducted in fields deemed important to the missions of SpaceBorn United. A partial bibliography is provided here to help promote research and collegiality in these emerging fields. The following research articles have been published in peer-reviewed journals and represent a sample of the review being conducted by our organization. This is not an exhaustive list.

Komissarova D. V., Gur’eva T. S., Dadasheva O. A., Sychev V. N. Gistogenez kostnoy i khryashchevoy tkani embrionov yaponskogo perepela v usloviyakh nevesomosti na rannikh stadiyakh razvitiya. Aviakosmicheskaya i ekologicheskaya meditsina, 2012, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 64-67.

Komissarova D. V., Gur’eva T. S., Sychev V. N. Dinamika ispol’zovaniya kal’tsiya dlya postroeniya skeleta embrionov yaponskogo perepela v usloviyakh nevesomosti. Aviakosmicheskaya. i ekologicheskaya meditsina, 2011, vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 52-54.

Komissarova D. V., Gur’eva T. S., Sychev V. N. Obshchaya kharakteristika embriogeneza khryashchevoy i kostnoy tkani u embrionov yaponskogo perepela v nevesomosti. Aviakosmicheskaya i ekologicheskaya meditsina, 2013, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 77-78.

Komorowski, Matthieu, Watkins, Sharmila D, Lebuffe, Gilles and Clark, Jonathan B. “Potential anesthesia protocols for space exploration missions..” Aviation, space, and environmental medicine 84.3, 2013, pp. 226-233., ISSN 0095-6562,

Konc, János, et al. “Cryopreservation of Embryos and Oocytes in Human Assisted Reproduction.” BioMed Research International, Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2014, doi:10.1155/2014/307268.

Korzun, Ashley M., Brandon P. Smith, et al. “Entry, Descent, and Landing System Design for the Mars Gravity Biosatellite.” Sixth International Planetary Probe Workshop, Cross Cutting Technologies, 2008, pp. 1–15.

Korzun, Ashley M., Robert D. Braun, et al. “Mars Gravity Biosatellite: Engineering, Science, and Education.” Acta Astronautica, vol. 63, no. 1–4, 2008, pp. 8–19, doi:10.1016/j.actaastro.2007.12.036.

Krichevsky, Sergey. ‘Creation of a “Cosmic” Human: Ideas, Technologies, Projects, Experience, Risks, Limitations, and Prospects’. Future Human Image, vol. 13, no. 13, Международное философско-космологическое общество, 2020, pp. 32–45.

Kuang, A, Popova, A, Xiao, Y and Musgrave, M E. “Pollination and embryo development in Brassica rapa L. in microgravity..” International journal of plant sciences 161.2, 2000, pp. 203-211., ISSN 1058-5893,

Kupriyanova M. S., Usik M. A., Ogneva I. V. Soderzhanie tsitoskeletnykh belkov v ootsitakh tret’ego pokoleniya plodovoy mushki Drosophila melanogaster, poluchennykh posle 44,5-sutochnogo kosmicheskogo poleta. Aviakosmicheskaya i ekologicheskaya meditsina, 2016, vol. 50. no. 4, pp. 27-34.

Lai, D., et al. “Slow and Steady Cell Shrinkage Reduces Osmotic Stress in Bovine and Murine Oocyte and Zygote Vitrification.” Human Reproduction, vol. 30, no. 1, 2015, pp. 37–45, doi:10.1093/humrep/deu284.

Le Gac, Séverine, and Verena Nordhoff. “Microfluidics for Mammalian Embryo Culture and Selection: Where Do We Stand Now?” Molecular Human Reproduction, vol. 23, no. 4, 2017, pp. 213–26, doi:10.1093/molehr/gaw061.

Lehtonen, E. and Snow, M. (1989). Early Development in the Mouse: Would it be Affected by Microgravity?. Advances in Space Research, 9(11), pp.201-208.

Lei X., Cao Y., Ma B., et al. Development of mouse preimplantation embryos in space. National Science Review, 2020, Vol. 7, Iss. 9,. Pp. 1437-1446, DOI: 10.1093/nsr/nwaa062

Lei, Xiaohua, et al. “Advances of Mammalian Reproduction and Embryonic Development Under Microgravity.” Life Science in Space: Experiments on Board the SJ-10 Recoverable Satellite, Springer Singapore, 2019, pp. 281–315, doi:10.1007/978-981-13-6325-2_11.

Lerner, David J and Parmet, Allen J. “Interventional radiology: the future of surgery in microgravity..” Aviation, space, and environmental medicine 84.12, 2013, pp. 1304-1306., ISSN 0095-6562,

Levin, R. J. ‘Effects of Space Travel on Sexuality and the Human Reproductive System’. Journal of the British Interplanetary Society, vol. 42, no. 7, Aug. 1989, pp. 378–82.

Li, Chunhua, et al. “China’s Recoverable Satellites and Their Onboard Experiments.” Microgravity Science and Technology, vol. 20, no. 2, 2008, pp. 61–65, doi:10.1007/s12217-008-9009-4.

Li, H.Y., Zhang, H., Miao, G.Y., Xie, Y., Sun, C., Di, C., Liu, Y., Liu, Y.Y., Zhang, X., Ma, X.F., Xu, S., Gan, L., & Zhou, X. (2013). Simulated Microgravity Conditions and Carbon Ion Irradiation Induce Spermatogenic Cell Apoptosis and Sperm DNA Damage. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences : BES, 26 9, 726-34 .

Lim, Y. C., et al. “Lab-on-a-Chip: A Component View.” Microsystem Technologies, vol. 16, no. 12, 2010, pp. 1995–2015, doi:10.1007/s00542-010-1141-6.

Liu, Jun, et al. “Automated Vitrification of Embryos: A Robotics Approach.” IEEE Robotics & Automation Magazine, vol. 22, no. 2, IEEE, June 2015, pp. 33–40, doi:10.1109/MRA.2014.2386195.

Ma, Bao Hua, et al. “Real-Time Micrography of Mouse Preimplantation Embryos in an Orbit Module on SJ-8 Satellite.” Microgravity Science and Technology, vol. 20, no. 2, 2008, pp. 127–36, doi:10.1007/s12217-008-9013-8.

Ma, Rui, et al. “In Vitro Fertilization on a Single-Oocyte Positioning System Integrated with Motile Sperm Selection and Early Embryo Development.” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 83, no. 8, 2011, pp. 2964–70, doi:10.1021/ac103063g.

Maalouf, M., et al. “Biological Effects of Space Radiation on Human Cells: History, Advances and Outcomes.” Journal of Radiation Research, vol. 52, no. 2, 2011, pp. 126–46, doi:10.1269/jrr.10128.

Maalouf, Mira, et al. ‘Biological Effects of Space Radiation on Human Cells: History, Advances and Outcomes’. Journal of Radiation Research, vol. 52, no. 2, 2011, pp. 126–46. PubMed, doi:10.1269/jrr.10128.

Madou, Marc, et al. “Lab on a CD.” Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering, vol. 8, 2006, pp. 601–28, doi:10.1146/annurev.bioeng.8.061505.095758.

Marchetta, J. G., et al. “Small-Scale Room-Temperature-Vulcanizing-655/Aerogel Cryogenic Liquid Storage Tank for Space Applications.” Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, vol. 55, no. 4, 2018, pp. 1007–13, doi:10.2514/1.A33845.

Marco R., Bengurira A., Sanchez J. et al. Effects of the space environment on Drosophila melanogaster development. Implications of the IML-2 experiment. Journal of Biotechnology, 1996, vol. 47, iss. 2 – 3, pp. 179-189. DOI: 10.1016/0168-1656(96)01408-3

Markham, S M, and J A Rock. “Deploying and testing an expandable surgical chamber in microgravity.” Aviation, space, and environmental medicine vol. 60,1 (1989): 76-9.

Markham, S M, and J A Rock. “Microgravity testing a surgical isolation containment system for space station use.” Aviation, space, and environmental medicine vol. 62,7 (1991): 691-3.

Marraffa, L., et al. “IRDT – Inflatable Re-Entry and Descent Technology: The IRDT-2 Mission and Future Applications.” European Space Agency, (Special Publication) ESA SP, no. 521, 2003, pp. 19–28,

Marthy, H J, Schatt, P and Santella, L. “Fertilization of sea urchin eggs in space and subsequent development under normal conditions..” Advances in space research : the official journal of the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) 14.8, 1994, pp. 197-208., ISSN 0273-1177,

Masini M. A., Albi E., Barmo C., et al. The impact of long-term exposure to space environment on adult mammalian organisms: a study on mouse thyroid and testis. PLoS One, 2012, no. 7, iss. 4, e35418. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0035418

Matsumura T., Noda T., Muratani M., Okada R., Yamane M., Isotani A., Kudo T., Takahashi S., Ikawa M. Male mice, caged in the International Space Station for 35 days, sire healthy offspring. Scientific reports, 2019, vol. 9(1), p. 13733. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-50128-w

McCuaig, K E and Houtchens, B A. “Management of trauma and emergency surgery in space..” The Journal of trauma 33.4, 1992, pp. 610-625., ISSN 0022-5282,

McCuaig, K. “Aseptic technique in microgravity.” Surgery, gynecology & obstetrics vol. 175,5 (1992): 466-76.

McKinley, Ian M., et al. “Pyrolytic Graphite Film Thermal Straps: Characterization Testing.” Cryogenics, vol. 80, Elsevier Ltd, 2016, pp. 174–80, doi:10.1016/j.cryogenics.2016.10.002.

Mehling, Matthias, and Savaş Tay. “Microfluidic Cell Culture.” Current Opinion in Biotechnology, vol. 25, 2014, pp. 95–102, doi:10.1016/j.copbio.2013.10.005.

Merrill A. H. Jr., Wang E., Mullins R. E., Grindeland R. E., Popova I. A. Analyses of plasma for metabolic and hormonal changes in rats flown aboard COSMOS 2044. Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md.: 1985), 1992, vol. 73, 2 suppl, pp. 132S-135S. DOI: 10.1152/jappl.1992.73.2.S132

Aimar, C, Bautz, A, Durand, D, Membre, H, Chardard, D, Gualandris-Parisot, L, Husson, D and Dournon, C. “Microgravity and hypergravity effects on fertilization of the salamander Pleurodeles waltl (urodele amphibian)..” Biology of reproduction 63.2, 2000, pp. 551-558., ISSN 0006-3363,

Molnar, Charles, and Jane Gair. “Fertilization and Early Embryonic Development.” Concepts of Biology—1st Canadian Edition,

Nagao, K, Nishiwaki, Y and Ijiri, K. “[Development of medaka embryo under simulated microgravity by 3D-clinostat: development of retina and cartilage]..” Uchu Seibutsu Kagaku 13.3, 1999, pp. 162-163., ISSN 0914-9201

Ogneva I. V., Belyakin S. N., Sarantseva S. V. The Development of Drosophila Melanogaster under Different Duration Space Flight and Subsequent Adaptation to Earth Gravity. PLoS One, 2016, vol. 11,.iss. 11, e0166885. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0166885

Ogneva I. V., Usik M. A., Loktev S. S., Zhdankina Y. S., Biryukov N. S., Orlov O. I., Sychev V. N. Testes and duct deferens of mice during space flight: cytoskeleton structure, sperm-specific proteins and epigenetic events. Scientific reports, 2019, vol. 9(1), p. 9730. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-46324-3

Ogneva I.V., Guryeva T.S., Sychev V.N., Orlov OI Embryological research in space / Aerospace sphere. 2021. No. 1. S. 34-43.

Ogneva, Irina V, Usik, Maria A, Biryukov, Nikolay S and Zhdankina, Yuliya S. “Sperm Motility of Mice under Simulated Microgravity and Hypergravity..” International journal of molecular sciences 21.14, 2020, ISSN 1422-0067,

Ogneva, Irina V, Usik, Maria A, Burtseva, Maria V, Biryukov, Nikolay S, Zhdankina, Yuliya S, Sychev, Vladimir N and Orlov, Oleg I. “Drosophila melanogaster Sperm under Simulated Microgravity and a Hypomagnetic Field: Motility and Cell Respiration..” International journal of molecular sciences 21.17, 2020, ISSN 1422-0067,

Ontogenesis of Mammals in Microgravity, NASA TM 103978, 1993.

Orban J. I., Piert S. J., Guryeva T. S., Hester P. Y. Calcium utilization by quail embryos during activities preceding space flight and during embryogenesis in microgravity aboard the orbital space station MIR. Journal of gravitational physiology, 1999, vol. 6(2), pp. 33-41.

Orlov O. I., Kotov O. V., Kussmaul’ A. R., Belakovskiy M. S. Rol’ vracha v dal’nem kosmicheskom polete. Vozdushno-kosmicheskaya sfera, 2020, no. 1, pp. 36-49.

Orth, Antony, and Kenneth Crozier. “Microscopy with Microlens Arrays: High Throughput, High Resolution and Light-Field Imaging.” Optics Express, vol. 20, no. 12, 2012, p. 13522, doi:10.1364/oe.20.013522.

Pagano, S., and R. Savino. “Adjustable Aerobraking Heat Shield for Satellites Deployment and Recovery.” Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science, vol. 2230, 2017, pp. 906–11.

Panait, Lucian, Broderick, Timothy, Rafiq, Azhar, Speich, John, Doarn, Charles R and Merrell, Ronald C. “Measurement of laparoscopic skills in microgravity anticipates the space surgeon..” American journal of surgery188.5, 2004, pp. 549-552., ISSN 0002-9610,

Panait, Lucian, Merrell, Ronald C, Rafiq, Azhar, Dudrick, Stanley J and Broderick, Timothy J. “Virtual reality laparoscopic skill assessment in microgravity..” The Journal of surgical research 136.2, 2006, pp. 198-203., ISSN 0022-4804,

Panzarella, Charles H., and Mohammad Kassemi. “Self-Pressurization of Large Spherical Cryogenic Tanks in Space.” Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, vol. 42, no. 2, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Mar. 2005, pp. 299–308, doi:10.2514/1.4571.

Parfenov G. P. Geneticheskie issledovaniya v kosmose. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya, 1967, iss. 5, pp. 633-635.

Parfenov G. P. Prichiny letal’nosti zarodyshevykh kletok u drozofily posle poletov korabley “Vostok-3” i “Vostok-4”. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya, 1964, iss. 2, pp. 335-342.

Parfenov G. P. Razvitie organizmov v sostoyanii nevesomosti. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya, 1964, iss. 2, pp. 330-335.

Parfenov G. P. Vozniknovenie dominantnykh letal’nykh mutatsiy u drozofily pri kosmicheskom polete na korable-sputnike. Problemy kosmicheskoĭ biologii, vol. 1, Moscow, Nauka, 1962, pp. 232-247.

Parfyonov G. P., Platonova R. N., Tairbekov M. G., Zhvalikovskaya V. P., Mozgovaya I. E., Rostopshina A. V., Rozov A. N. Biological experiments carried out aboard the biological satellite Cosmos-936. Life Sciences in Space Research, 1979, vol. 17, pp. 297-301.

Parfyonov, G. P., et al. “Biological Investigations Aboard Biosatellite Cosmos-782.” Acta Astronautica, vol. 6, no. 10, 1979, pp. 1235–38, doi:10.1016/0094-5765(79)90115-2.

Perozziello, G., Møllenbach, J., Laursen, S.B., Fabrizio, E.D., Gernaey, K.V., & Krühne, U. (2012). Lab on a Chip Automates in vitro Cell Culturing.

Pinsolle, Vincent, Martin, Dominique, Coninck, Laurent de, Techoueyres, Pierre and VaÔda, Pierre. “Microsurgery in microgravity is possible..” Microsurgery 25.2, 2005, pp. 152-154., ISSN 0738-1085,

Putman, Philip, et al. Cryogenic Thermal Management for CryoCube-1. 2015,

Pyne, Derek G., et al. “Automated Vitrification of Mammalian Embryos on a Digital Microfluidic Device.” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS), 2014, pp. 829–32, doi:10.1109/MEMSYS.2014.6765769

Rafiq, Azhar, Broderick, Timothy J, Williams, David R, Doarn, Charles R, Jones, Jeffrey A and Merrell, Ronald C. “Assessment of simulated surgical skills in parabolic microgravity..” Aviation, space, and environmental medicine76.4, 2005, pp. 385-391., ISSN 0095-6562

Rafiq, Azhar, Hummel, Russ, Lavrentyev, Vladimir, Derry, William, Williams, David and Merrell, Ronald C. “Microgravity effects on fine motor skills: tying surgical knots during parabolic flight..” Aviation, space, and environmental medicine 77.8, 2006, pp. 852-856., ISSN 0095-6562

Rando, Nicola. “Cryogenics in Space.” Observing Photons in Space, Springer New York, 2013, pp. 639–55, doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-7804-1_37.

Alberts, J R and Ronca, A E. “Rat pregnancy and parturition survive spaceflight challenge: new considerations of developmental consequences..” Journal of gravitational physiology : a journal of the International Society for Gravitational Physiology 4.2, 1997, ISSN 1077-9248

Reed, Shaun. “Understanding Embryo Grading.” Utah Fertility Center, 2017,

Reitz, Guenther. “Characteristic of the Radiation Field in Low Earth Orbit and in Deep Space.” Zeitschrift Fur Medizinische Physik, vol. 18, no. 4, 2008, pp. 233–43, doi:10.1016/j.zemedi.2008.06.015.

Richter S., Nguyen NT., Wego A., Pagel L. “Microfluidic Devices on Printed Circuit Board.” Microfluidics and BioMEMS Applications, Springer, 2002, doi:

Ronca, A E and Alberts, J R. “Physiology of a microgravity environment selected contribution: effects of spaceflight during pregnancy on labor and birth at 1 G..” Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985) 89.2, 2000, pp. 849-854., ISSN 8750-7587,

Ronca, April E, Fritzsch, Bernd, Bruce, Laura L and Alberts, Jeffrey R. “Orbital spaceflight during pregnancy shapes function of mammalian vestibular system..” Behavioral neuroscience 122.1, 2008, pp. 224-232., ISSN 0735-7044,

Ronca, April E., Ellen S. Baker, et al. ‘Effects of Sex and Gender on Adaptations to Space: Reproductive Health’. Journal of Women’s Health, vol. 23, no. 11, Nov. 2014, pp. 967–74. PubMed Central, doi:10.1089/jwh.2014.4915.

Ronca, April E., Joshua S. Alwood, et al. ‘Mammalian Reproduction and Development on the International Space Station (ISS): Proceedings of the Rodent Mark III Habitat Workshop’. Gravitational and Space Research, vol. 1, no. 1, 1, Oct. 2013.,

Rosowski, J R, Gouthro, M A, Schmidt, K K, Klement, B J and Spooner, B S. “Effect of microgravity and hypergravity on embryo axis alignment during postencystment embryogenesis in Artemia franciscana (Anostraca)..” Journal of crustacean biology : a quarterly of the Crustacean Society for the publication of research on any aspect of the biology of crustacea 15.4, 1995, pp. 625-632., ISSN 0278-0372

Ross, R. G. Aerospace Coolers: A 50-Year Quest for Long-Life Cryogenic Cooling in Space BT – Cryogenic Engineering. Edited by Klaus D Timmerhaus and Richard P Reed, Springer New York, 2007, pp. 225–84, doi:10.1007/0-387-46896-X_11.

Sahin, Onur, et al. “3 – Micro- and Nanopatterning of Biomaterial Surfaces.” Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomaterials, edited by Preetha Balakrishnan et al., Woodhead Publishing, 2018, pp. 67–78, doi:

Santos, M.J., Apter, S., Coticchio, G., Debrock, S., Lundin, K., Plancha, C.E., Prados, F.N., Rienzi, L.F., Verheyen, G., Woodward, B., & Vermeulen, N. (2016). Revised Guidelines for Good Practice in IVF Laboratories (2015). Human Reproduction, 31 4, 685-689.

Santy, P. A., and R. T. Jennings. ‘Human Reproductive Issues in Space’. Advances in Space Research: The Official Journal of the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR), vol. 12, no. 2–3, 1992, pp. 151–55. PubMed, doi:10.1016/0273-1177(92)90102-4.

Sapp W. J., Philpott D. E., Williams C. S., Williams J. W., Kato K., Miquel J. M, Serova L. Comparative study of spermatogonial survival after x-ray exposure, high LET (HZE) irradiation or spaceflight. Advances in space research, 1992, vol. 12 (2-3), pp. 179-189.

Sapp WJ, Philpott DE, Williams CS, Kato K, Stevenson J, et al. (1990) Effects of Spaceflight on the Spermatogonial Population of Rat Seminiferous Epithelium. Faseb J 4: 101–104.

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Savel’ev S. V., Serova L. V., Besova N. V., Nosovskiy A. M. Vliyanie nevesomosti na razvitie endokrinnoy sistemy krys. Aviakosmicheskaya i ekologicheskaya meditsina, 1998, vol. 32, no. 2, pp.31-36.

Schatten, H, Chakrabarti, A, Levine, H G and Anderson, K. “Utilization of the aquatic research facility and fertilization syringe unit to study sea urchin development in space..” Journal of gravitational physiology : a journal of the International Society for Gravitational Physiology 6.2, 1999, pp. 43-53., ISSN 1077-9248

Schatten, H, Chakrabarti, A, Taylor, M, Sommer, L, Levine, H, Anderson, K, Runco, M and Kemp, R. “Effects of spaceflight conditions on fertilization and embryogenesis in the sea urchin Lytechinus pictus..” Cell biology international 23.6, 1999, pp. 407-415., ISSN 1065-6995,

Schatten, H, Zoran, S, Levine, H G, Anderson, K and Chakrabarti, A. “Sea urchin fertilization during a KC-135 parabolic flight..” Journal of gravitational physiology : a journal of the International Society for Gravitational Physiology 6.1, 1999, ISSN 1077-9248

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Skrobánek, P., et al. ‘Effect of Long-Term Simulated Microgravity on Some Sexual Traits of Male Japanese Quail’. Physiological Research, vol. 61, no. 4, 2012, pp. 389–94. PubMed, doi:10.33549/physiolres.932263.